University for Peace Global Network for Upeacebuilders
Monday February 18th 2019

Japan’s Participation in UN Peace Keeping Missions

Japan has always lead the humanitarian assistance and peace keeping operations of United Nations. Let us see this from Japanese perspective the UN peace keeping role and assistance.
In the last four decades, the UN has quite successfully played its peace keeping role and the cold war era has allowed UN to expand her peace keeping operations on a wider canvas. Japan understands that the peace keeping objective is paramount; thus, it responsibly and consciously endeavors to contribute actively to the peace keeping missions of UN.

In the beginning, Japan started contributing financially; however, they started sending civilian members such as election observers to add to the physical peace keeping role. Japan has always been reluctant to participate through armed or military assistance. This is a psychological barrier developed due to nuclear strikes carried out against this nation.

Making allowances, Japan did still not have the ability to start a policy where forces might be sent abroad to join up with the international peace forces. So there are restrictions on the country emanating from its constitution which forbids it from partaking in military action abroad.
However, the world criticism grew during the gulf war and finally Japan amended her constitution and allowed her forces to get involved in military peace keeping missions. But this permission comes along with strict conditions. This enactment was created in 1992 and since then Japan, like other nations, has sent her military personnel in many countries to perform peace keeping operations where armed conflict was going on.

These countries include Cambodia, El-Salvador, Angola, Golan Heights and Mozambique. A list of the conditions is presented below for a quick view:
• The parties involved in the conflict should allow participation or the operation by the UN
• All operations have to be executed in complete impartial manner
• The negotiations must have been completed and there should be a cease fire
• Minimum or no use of weapons
• If there is a departure from any of the conditions above, Japan shall discontinue that particular mission.

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