The rotary world peace fellowship is a non-profitable organization. The purpose of its establishment is to achieve peace in the world. The organization makes the programs to remove poverty and improve education on an exchange basis.
It also establishes the programs for exchange of cultures and traditions. This foundation was established in 1917. This is a big organization. In the early days the foundation started three programs:
1. Polio eradication program
2. Humanitarian programs
3. Education programs
Polio eradication program
This organization has carried out much work to control polio and other disease in the under developed countries like Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, etc. The vaccination of polio to children is a key method of reducing the disease. With the help of Rotarians, today 209 countries all over the world are polio free countries. The rich of the world like Bill Gates have generously been donating for the cause of this foundation. In the initial days, the foundation started with a fund named polio plus fund.
The second big program of the foundation are humanitarian grants programs. In this program funds are granted for health, hunger and humanity. The main objective of the program is to improve health, eliminate hunger and improve human development. The organization also gives planning grants for rotary clubs and districts for designing new projects. Approximately 166 countries use these grants.
The third role is the education program managed by this foundation. The foundation grants scholarships to talented students of under developed countries. Students from more than one hundred countries are using the scholarship through this program and helping themselves and their communities to become better educated. More than one hundred students are presently achieving education in top world universities and colleges. Another major contribution by the rotary foundation is the rotary grant for university teachers. They provide grants to engage brilliant faculty from under developed countries. With this unique feature of this foundation, teachers are learning more and subsequently become better and teach much more effectively.
Part of the curriculum is to ensure students also partake of entertainment and learning how different cultures around the word world. It is not out of place for example for a 70s fancy dress party to be held as an introduction to cultures of certain countries that celebrate the modern celebrity era.
We can conclude that the foundation is helping the world to be better educated and knowledgeable.
There have been many casualties amongst the UN peacekeepers while performing their duties. Although the rate is not that high, the majority of the deaths occurred in recent years.
The main force of peace keepers comes from countries like Pakistan, Canada and Ireland etc. These countries are well experienced and are familiar with the problems that could cause fatal injuries. These countries have devised safe and effective ways to avoid such situations.
The following is approximate data concerning deaths and injuries to UN peace keepers in last 60 years:
• Over 1000 peacekeepers died
• Over 4000 wounded
• Biggest casualty: 344 dead in 1982 in Beirut
Although there have been few casualties; the public has shown a favorable response towards maintenance of peace through UN peace keepers. This is because the results produced by these forces are positive and have helped maintain peace in other parts of the world..
There are some organizations and groups, which are against the peace keepers being placed in conflict areas. These are very few in number . The only substantial evidence they present is of some rare cases where the peace keepers sided with one faction and due to this aligned behavior, the conflict was aggravated and that caused deaths and injuries amongst the peace keepers.
The public response is muted if there are no casualties during an operation. Whenever, there is an incident and that involves deaths or injuries to the peace keepers; especially to women, there is a hue and cry and a debate for or against the peace keeping mission. Generally, people and groups from the country of origin show anger or negative response when fellow countrymen are killed..
United Nations runs ECD fro childrens’ development and entertainment
The United Nations, specifically the United Nations Children’s Fund known as UNICEF, highlighted basic education and gender equality as one of five areas of focus in pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals set by the organization. UNICEF has established a comprehensive plan to enact such change, targeting underdeveloped nations and particularly nations undergoing an emergency situation or recovering from one. Early child development (ECD) programs focus on children at or below first grade, temporary schooling is made available to older children during disasters or other losses of educational continuity, and most pervasively, schooling is westernized once education becomes privatized in developing countries.
When an industrializing nation seeks a loan from Bretton-Woods institutions such as the World Bank or International Monetary Fund, or else from a U.N. member nation, they must comply with a long list of conditionalities referred to as the Washington Consensus, or more technically, Structural Readjustment Policies. Chief among these is the stipulation of infrastructure privatization, where government cuts funding to schooling in order to make loan payments and private industry steps in to fill the void. With this change of management, companies are more capable of providing basic needs and facilities while bringing techniques and resources from the modern world; children that have very limited access to literature and digital media gain opportunities that might have been slow to materialize.
Nations in turmoil that lack stability to justify building infrastructure are not forgotten, as camps are established at friendly locations to keep children on track. When floods in 2011 forced much of southern Pakistan to convert schools to shelter for over seven million displaced homeless, UNICEF stepped in and established camps at places like the Institute of Business Administration.
ECD programs are especially effective, giving young children the skills that they will need in the long-term future, such as reading in internationally prevalent languages and gaining familiarity with technology. While local education will remain culturally influenced, children are engaged via movies such as those coming from Voice of America’s In Focus network and enjoy exposure to classic liberal endeavors like the arts. Young people who would never take the stage might enjoy learning about current issues such as piracy – which draws the disenfranchised youth in the most impoverished areas – by putting themselves in those roles, dressed in pirate costumes and interacting together with moral considerations in mind. In the long run, many of these kids will think more globally and as conscientious citizens.
The First batch of United Nations peacekeepers reached Syria in mid-April, 2012. The UN peacekeepers arrived to oversee a truce so that the battle could stop and further bloodshed did not continue. Fierce gun fights and rocket firing is continuing despite international efforts. The United Nations has brokered a cease fire; however, the reports of attacks and killings are still pouring in from all across Syria including from cities of Idlib, Homs and Hama etc. Within a week of the UN sponsored cease fire, more than 50 people had been reported killed due to continued violence. Efforts are afoot to save the peace 6 point plan. This peace plan has been agreed upon by the Syrian president Assad through the joint efforts of UN and The Arab league.
The UN mission consisted of 30 international observers who will set up an observation headquarters for monitoring the implementation of the peace process and cessation of hostilities. More UN peacekeeping personnel will arrive in Syria in the coming days. The next group will comprise members from the Arab region so that the observers are familiar with the language and customs of the area. The main role has been carried out by the former UN secretary General. The Security Council rejected the idea of sending 200 observers immediately. A full UN peacekeeping mission could only be sent to Syria once all the hostilities between rebels and government cease.
The west has lost trust in Assad and they believe that he is not sincere in ending the year long conflict. This is evident from the sudden end of the Syrian monitoring mission which was sent by the Arab league. The government spokesperson has blamed the rebels for intensifying the attacks on government installation and forces after the arrival of the UN observers. The government says that the rebels are not interested in maintaining the truce due to their own hegemonic aims. The government forces have resumed attacks in the city of Homs when 5 civilians were reported to be killed by the rebels.
Children are the future of our world. When a child is lost, a generation is lost. In many areas of the world, the conflicts and wars have caused deaths and injuries to millions of children. The United Nations is making an all out effort to protect children who have been thrown into violent environments due to armed conflicts. Children all around the globe face rape, abductions, killing, maiming and recruitment etc. many children die or become psychologically unstable as a result of violence and war. Their personalities are often deeply affected.
The UN peace keeping missions did not have the right to play the role of child protector till 2001. People realized the destruction of a young generation caused by the conflicts; however, no concrete steps were adopted. In 1999, work started on this aspect. Finally, an addition was made to the mandates of UN peace keeping missions in 2001 and children protection operations in conflicts were made a part of peace keeping missions. Now all the peace keeping missions are responsible for the protection of children in conflict zones under their jurisdiction.
The Role of UN Peacekeeping forces in protecting the children
The UN peace keeping force has three branches which assist the child protection issue in the following way:
• The first task is to be observant and find out if there are any crimes being conducted against children. The issues involving children are observed and pointed out by the peace keeping military present in the conflict region.
• The national police receives full cooperation and support from the UN police in dealing with the problems concerning children.
• The national legislation is reviewed and Judicial Affairs Officers are duty bound to secure children’s right in the legislation.
• Protection of the children in the war ton areas is one of the prime objectives of the peace keeping missions and the head of that mission is made responsible to achieve this objective.
Logistical courses are provided by the peace institution.
Logistical Support to UN Peacekeeping:-
This essential lesson gives the basis of UN peacekeeping logistics, and a plan of working in the field and at the control center. It introduces the task life-cycle and gives info about how economic development is achieved and also introduces delivering integrated logistics support in a field assignment.
Logistical Support OF UN:
This course gives a student a more detailed perspective of United Nations Operational Logistics. This course is focused on realistic procurement and organization of delivery, transfer and task support services. It covers UN undertaking strategies on logistics, particularly essential for pupils studying authority and control of UN Logistics.
Advanced Topics IN UN Logistics: The Supply Of Troops
This course provides students with a detailed look at the repayment for, troops and paraphernalia that troop contributing nations provide to UN peacekeeping missions. Students will learn why the COE system was designed .Topics are standard essentials of COE, substantiation, transportation, defeat and harm, charge, and errands.
Behind these logistical courses and other courses as well, there is introduction to the staff and directors who are responsible for the institute. The directors and staff members are highly qualified and from different famous universities. They also have long experience in serving humanity as some are retired generals, some have been working as teachers in different institutions and some who have been in top posts of government. Students can find these directors very helpful on their way to achieving their goals as they have been teaching peace in different schools e.g. Georgetown, and the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington. Etc.
Different staff members of different nationalities throughout the world are chosen, while taking into consideration various demands. Theses staff members are given special training on how to run the training institutions so they can easily provide information to students willing to help humanity and by eliminating terrorism throughout the globe.